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Hip and Thigh: Smiting Theological Philistines with a Great Slaughter. Judges 15:8

Friday, February 19, 2010

Gleanings from Daniel [7]

The Coming Kingdom [Daniel 2:44-49]

One of the key features of OT eschatology concerns the future kingdom God will set up on this earth. This kingdom is not meant to be just a higher order of spirituality that merely co-exists with the present world. Church-State or the Kingdom of God/Church along side the kingdoms of men. A "two-kingdom" theology is not talked about in scripture.

Rather, what is revealed in Scripture is a total and complete replacement of present conditions on earth. Furthermore, it is a kingdom brought about and established by God with His Messiah having absolute sovereignty over all other nations on the earth.

For example:

Isaiah 2:2-4

2 Now it shall come to pass in the latter days That the mountain of the LORD's house Shall be established on the top of the mountains, And shall be exalted above the hills; And all nations shall flow to it.
3 Many people shall come and say, "Come, and let us go up to the mountain of the LORD, To the house of the God of Jacob; He will teach us His ways, And we shall walk in His paths." For out of Zion shall go forth the law, And the word of the LORD from Jerusalem.
4 He shall judge between the nations, And rebuke many people; They shall beat their swords into plowshares, And their spears into pruning hooks; Nation shall not lift up sword against nation, Neither shall they learn war anymore.
Micah 4:1-8

1 Now it shall come to pass in the latter days That the mountain of the LORD's house Shall be established on the top of the mountains, And shall be exalted above the hills; And peoples shall flow to it.
2 Many nations shall come and say, "Come, and let us go up to the mountain of the LORD, To the house of the God of Jacob; He will teach us His ways, And we shall walk in His paths." For out of Zion the law shall go forth, And the word of the LORD from Jerusalem.

3 He shall judge between many peoples, And rebuke strong nations afar off; They shall beat their swords into plowshares, And their spears into pruning hooks; Nation shall not lift up sword against nation, Neither shall they learn war any more.

4 But everyone shall sit under his vine and under his fig tree, And no one shall make them afraid; For the mouth of the LORD of hosts has spoken.

5 For all people walk each in the name of his god, But we will walk in the name of the LORD our God Forever and ever.

6 " In that day," says the LORD, "I will assemble the lame, I will gather the outcast And those whom I have afflicted;
7 I will make the lame a remnant, And the outcast a strong nation; So the LORD will reign over them in Mount Zion From now on, even forever.
8 And you, O tower of the flock, The stronghold of the daughter of Zion, To you shall it come, Even the former dominion shall come, The kingdom of the daughter of Jerusalem."
Zechariah 14:16-21
16 And it shall come to pass that everyone who is left of all the nations which came against Jerusalem shall go up from year to year to worship the King, the LORD of hosts, and to keep the Feast of Tabernacles.
17 And it shall be that whichever of the families of the earth do not come up to Jerusalem to worship the King, the LORD of hosts, on them there will be no rain.
18 If the family of Egypt will not come up and enter in, they shall have no rain; they shall receive the plague with which the LORD strikes the nations who do not come up to keep the Feast of Tabernacles.
19 This shall be the punishment of Egypt and the punishment of all the nations that do not come up to keep the Feast of Tabernacles.

20 In that day "HOLINESS TO THE LORD" shall be engraved on the bells of the horses. The pots in the LORD's house shall be like the bowls before the altar.

21 Yes, every pot in Jerusalem and Judah shall be holiness to the LORD of hosts. Everyone who sacrifices shall come and take them and cook in them. In that day there shall no longer be a Canaanite in the house of the LORD of hosts.
The NT carries over this idea of a divinely established world wide kingdom and expands upon it in such passages as Matthew 25:31-46; Luke 1:31-33; Acts 1:6, 7; Acts 3:17-21; and 2 Peter 3:3-13.

Returning to Daniel 2, we have revealed to us through the dream of a heathen king and interpreted by God's prophet another significant prophecy concerning the coming eschatological Kingdom.

The vision was a dream of Nebuchadnezzar, the king of Babylon. He saw an enormous metallic statue made of gold, silver, bronze, and iron. A final mixture of ceramic and iron made up the feet. This statue, according to Daniel, represents five major kingdoms.

The first four, Babylon, Medo-Persia, Greece, and Rome. Then a final kingdom that is a confederacy of 10 kings. The statue is then demolished by a rock, that grows into a mountain. It is this rock that pictures God's eschatological kingdom.

There are five observations we can make about this kingdom:

- The Timing of this Kingdom

Verse 44 says this kingdom is established during the time of these kings. Who are they? Some think they are previous kingdoms already mentioned. However, the immediate antecedent is those kingdoms associated with the 10 toes of ceramic and iron. These 10 kingdoms have yet to be manifested in history. They are yet future.

- The Origin of this Kingdom

The God of heaven will establish this kingdom. It is a rock cut out without hands. No human political involvement by man-made means of wars or intrigue. This is a supernaturally created kingdom.

- The Duration of this Kingdom

Not left to other people. This was a charateristic of the previous kingdoms of men - They were knocked down and other earthly kingdoms replaced them. This kingdom destroys all other previous kingdoms completely and entirely; and it shall stand forever. It is eternal.

- The Nature of this Kingdom

The four kingdoms men represented by the four metals were real, historical, geopolitical kingdoms. The fifth kingdom represented by the 10 toes of mixed ceramic and iron also must be a real, historical geopolitical kingdom as well. This means God kingdom represented by the rock cut out without hands which smashes the statue must too be a real, historical, geopolitical kingdom. This rock destroys all earthly kingdoms. Christ did not do this at His first advent. Men's kingdoms still exist today in all of their unjustness. Moreover, the rock's destruction of those kingdoms is swift and catastrophic, not slow and gradual. When it comes, it quickly fills the entire earth and replaces all of the kingdoms of men.

- The Certainty of Christ's Kingdom

As Daniel wraps up his interpretation of Neb's. dream, he affirms that this is what God has made known to him. Because God has said it, these events are not a mere possibility, they most certainly will come to pass. Some of the events in this dream have, and some are yet to come.

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1 Comments:

Blogger donsands said...

What do you think Hebrews 12:18-24

"For you have not come to what may be touched, a blazing fire and darkness and gloom and a tempest and the sound of a trumpet and a voice whose words made the hearers beg that no further messages be spoken to them. For they could not endure the order that was given, “If even a beast touches the mountain, it shall be stoned.” Indeed, so terrifying was the sight that Moses said, “I tremble with fear.” But you have come to Mount Zion and to the city of the living God, the heavenly Jerusalem, and to innumerable angels in festal gathering, and to the assembly of the firstborn who are enrolled in heaven, and to God, the judge of all, and to the spirits of the righteous made perfect, and to Jesus, the mediator of a new covenant, and to the sprinkled blood that speaks a better word than the blood of Abel."

This would be a literal coming to Jerusalem, would it not; though spiritual?

1:21 PM, February 23, 2010  

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